Gingivectomy is the surgical removal of the gum (that is, gum tissue). A gingivectomy is necessary when the gums have moved away from the teeth, creating deep pockets.
The pockets make it difficult to clean up plaque and tartar. Gingivectomy is usually done before gum disease damages the bone.
The procedure involves removing and reshaping diseased gum tissue to get rid of pockets between the teeth and the gums.
By removing the walls of the pocket, the gingivectomy provides visibility and accessibility to remove tartar and completely smooth the roots of the teeth.
This creates a favourable environment for gum healing and restoration of the gum contour.
Although gingivectomy was originally developed to treat periodontal disease, it is now a common cosmetic surgery as well. It is used to remove overgrown gum tissue and improve the appearance of the gums.